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  • Resources used to create this essay: In the last essay, we introduced Leopold Aschenbrenner – a very interesting 23 year old Columbia graduate who was recently hired and then fired from OpenAI. Leopold’s ‘Situational Awareness’ series unpacks some potential paths and timelines toward ‘General Intelligence’ and ‘SuperIntelligence’. I wanted to share and explain, in simple…

  • Resources used to create this essay: Ned Ludd was a skilled weaver from Nottingham, England. He spent long hours weaving intricate patterns and creating beautiful fabrics, taking great pride in his work. One fateful day, early 1800’s, at Ned’s countryside factory, a new mechanical loom was installed. The factory owner boasted the machine could weave…

  • References used to create this essay: “Once upon a time, I dreamt I was a butterfly, fluttering hither and thither, to all intents and purposes a butterfly. I was conscious only of my happiness as a butterfly, unaware that I was myself. Soon I awaked, and there I was, veritably myself again. Now I do…

  • Tomorrow, I will be publishing an essay and video on ‘Memory, Artificial Intelligence and Caterpillar Soup’ (the Caterpillar Soup will make sense tomorrow). Are we about to solve the mysteries of memory with AI?  and the Caterpillar Soup. As part of the research for this essay, I was looking for some supplementary material to emphasize…

  • I’m currently researching the wild and wonderful world of ‘memory’ for an upcoming essay. Like almost all of the fundamental functions of human-ness, Artificial Intelligence is forcing us to revisit what we actually understand (and more importantly – don’t understand), about memory. The research was inspired by a recent conversation between Lex Fridman and Charan…

  • Resources used to create the essay: WTF is a Large Language Model? David Silver doesn’t make much noise. He’s not on Twitter, he rarely does podcasts, and he never seems to engage in the heated debates around the more controversial aspects of Artificial Intelligence. Yet, he has made some of the most significant contributions to…

  • Some of the resources used to create the following essay. The AI Emergence Debate (is not) for Dummies This following story is taken directly from Terrence J. Sejnowski’s Large Language models and the reverse turing test paper. One of my favorite stories is about a chance encounter on the backroads of rural America when a…

  • I’m currently preparing material for my next essay which will discuss ‘The Emergence Debate’. What is the ‘Emergence Debate’? ‘Emergence’ refers to complex behaviours arising from simpler rules or systems which weren’t specifically programmed. One side (team pro-emergence) argues that certain abilities of current language models (like ChatGPT) are emerging naturally as the models scale…

  • When I was a kid, I would imagine a little man sitting somewhere inside my skull pulling strings to control my movements. I would often wonder what or who it was making decisions, speaking, thinking. Only in the past few years have I really come to appreciate these childhood enquiries as being very reasonable ones.…

  • Resources used to create this essay: In 2007, a woman married the Eiffel Tower. “Her structure is just amazing. You know, she’s got subtle, subtle curves”. Weird? How about a guy from Washington who has finally settled down with his long-term lover, ‘Vanilla’, after thousands of sexual partners.. Vanilla is not a woman, nor a…

  • Resources used to create this essay: In 1927, the U.S. Supreme Court sentenced Carrie Buck to ‘sterilization’. Carrie was born into poverty in Virginia in the early 1900’s. She was sent to the Virginia State Colony for ‘sterilization’ after she was raped and impregnated. The facility was designed for individuals considered “epileptic” or “feebleminded”. If…

  • Used to create this essay. Mo Gawdat on London Real. Sam Altman on Lex Fridman. Sam Harris on Diary of a CEO. Andre Karpathy on Lex Fridman: In the film “Don’t Look Up”, two astronomers discover a comet on a direct collision course with Earth.  They embark on a media tour to warn humanity of…

  • Some of the references used to create this essay: The Road to AGI conversations with DeepMind: The Podcast (S2, Ep5) Nick Bostrom and Lex Fridman conversation Sam Altman and Joe Rogan conversation The year is 1997.  The idea that a computer could beat a human at Chess was outlandish. Then, in 1997, IBM’s ‘Deep Blue’ (a computer program) defeated…

  • For further research, the ideas in this essay were inspired by. Moloch was a mythical and terrifying pagan god who was worshipped by various ancient civilisations. According to the biblical records, to achieve fertility, prosperity and protection, people offered sacrifices to Moloch in the form of burning children alive. Very grim stuff. Over time however,…